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Chii chinoita Radio Radio Amateur?

by Chris G7DDN

Ndakava nehurukuro ine hupenyu neimwe yehama dzangu dzepamwoyo dzeHamu rimwe zuva - uye zvakandiita kuti ndifunge zvakare… (nguva dzose chinhu chine njodzi!)

Haisi Ham Radio!

Isu tanga tichikurukura imwe yemahombe makuru ekutaura nezve Network Radios; dambudziko rinoratidzika kunge rinopa vamwe vanhu kuti havagadziri RF pazvikwata zveAmateur vega.

Shamwari yangu yaipokana kuti kushandisa Network Radio yakanga isiri Amateur Radio, kunyangwe paakataura nezve zvishandiso zvakadaro zvinowana IRN nemasaini achibuda paRF zvinongedzo kuburikidza neEcholink, akafara kubvuma kuti iyo inogona kuve Ham Radio, pamwe muchidimbu. , nekuti izwi remunhu rinenge richizobuda, semuenzaniso, anodzokorora amateur kumwe kunhu.

Kwaari iye zvakadaro, IRN kune IRN kana Zello kuna Zello aive zvechokwadi "kwete Ham Radio ”nekuti hapana RF paAmateur Band yakagadzirwa.

Ini ndinowana zvachose nharo iyi - hazvigoneke kupokana kuti Network Radiyo haigadzire zvakananga "Ham RF" kana kushanda yakananga paHam mabhendi.

Asi ini ndinofunga kuti iyi haisiyo yega nyaya iripano, sezvandichauya munguva pfupi…

Hausi Amateur kutoti… chii?

Akaenderera mberi zvakadaro asi akataura kuti hausi "kuve Hamu" kunze kwekunge uri chaizvo kutakura paHamu Bhendi.

Kufunga kwake kwaive kwekuti kana iwe ukashandisa CB, iwe uri "CB-er" uye kana ukashandisa Zello, iwe uri "Zello-er" uye hapana chimwe cheizvi chinoumba chero fomu yeAmateur Radio.

Zvekare ndinonyatsonzwisisa izvi, asi zvakare kwandiri izvi hazvinyatso kumira.

Kuregererei?

Ngatione kuti sei ndichifunga kuti zvinhu zvachinja.

Kune mazhinji enhoroondo yeHam Radio, zvaive pachena kuti Hams aishandisa chete mabhendi akagoverwa mumagetsi emagetsi. Izvi zvaive muchidimbu nekuti takapihwa kwatiri nehurumende nekuda kwekuyedza uye, kutaura chokwadi, ndizvo chete zvaive zviripo!

Sezvineiwo, hams dzakawanda kuburikidza nenhoroondo hadzina hazvo kunge dzainyanya kufarira kushanda zvachose - kwavo kufarira kukuru kungave kwaive dhizaini dhizaini uye / kana kuvaka.

Ivo chete vakambouya pamhepo apo ivo vaiyedza chimwe chinhu chaisanganisira ndine kufambisa uye kusarudzwa kwechikwata kunogona kunge kwakareva zvishoma kwavari. Vangadai vakave chero kupi paPfupiwa Spectrum muchokwadi, asi vaifanira kunamatira kune akagoverwa Ham Bhendi, nekuda kwezvikonzero zviri pachena.

Vamwe vanogona kunge vanga vari mukugadzirwa kweantena - uye zvakare vakangouya kumabhendi eAmateur kuzoitisa bvunzo dzemumhepo.

Asi ini ndinopokana kana chero weava hobbyist akazviona ivo kwete saHams kusvikira ivo chaivo kutapurirana RF...

Uye zvakadii nezve calligns?

Aya mafoni edu anonyanya chikamu chedu kuzivikanwa saHams.

Pachinzvimbo chisinganzwisisike, ndinozviona seG7DDN kunyangwe ndiri kuwacha, kutyaira mota yangu, kana pazororo - chinenge chiri "chikamu cheizvo zvandiri". Zvinoshamisa kuti hurumende yakapihwa chitupa inogona kuita izvi kwatiri!

Kuita kuti zvinhu zviwedzere kuipa, ini ndinotodaidzwa kunzi "DDN" neshamwari dzangu ham uye nhengo dzekirabhu - ndinoshevedza dzimwe nhengo dzekirabhu nezvisimbiso zvavo zvakare! Kunyangwe shamwari yangu inopokana pamusoro inodaidza shamwari dzake dzese (ivo vakanyanya kunaka ese maHams!) Nezvisimba zvavo.

Sei? Nekuti kuzivikanwa kwedu sevanhu, muchidimbu, kwakaputirwa mumasaini edu, kunyangwe patinenge tisiri "kugadzira Amateur RF".

Kupinda Muzana ramakore rechi 21…

Zvino izvi zvinonakidza apo Internet inosvika panzvimbo yeHamu muma1990.

Pakarepo isu tine fomu nyowani yekuparadzira uye rumutsiriro, mushure memakore mazhinji, yezwi chairo "wireless".  Asi izvi hazvisi zvega kuna Hams futi.

Chero ani zvake anogona kushandisa iri pfupi-renji isina waya redhiyo - chero munhu anokwanisa kuwana iyo internet - chero munhu anogona kuve neDX "Maficha" erudzi - ndosaka dambudziko rekuvimba Ham Radio yanga ichirwisana nayo kwevamwe makore…

Izvi zvinoreva here kuti izvo zvinofarirwa naZello uye IRN hazvisi "zvinoshanda"?

Izvi zvinoreva here kuti Hams anofanirwa zvachose kwete shandisa zviwanikwa izvi uchishandisa macalligns avo, nekuti isu hatisi kutumira kune yakatarwa Amateur Bhendi, semuenzaniso?

Zviri nezve sarudzo!

Ndingadai ndakafunga kuti zviri kumusoro us semunhu wega hams kusarudza kuti sei we vanoda kushandisa mafomu matsva ekuparadzira Internet.

Sezvandatsanangura muchinyorwa changu chazvino, "Kutora Zororo", Mukirabhu yangu yemuno, takagadzira chiteshi cheZello. Iyo yakavanzika, password yakachengetedzwa uye moderated.  Asi inoshandiswa senge chero Hamu Radio chiteshi ine chaiyo Amateur protocols etc.

Kana ichishandiswa neNetwork Radios (makadhi akabatwa nemaoko eSDR ane mabhatani ePTT), haisi nguva refu isati "yanzwa" seHam Radio munzira dzose.

Bvunza mumwe munhu akamboshandisa imwe yehurefu hwenguva… PTT mabhatani ari pamaoko anobvisa kunzwa kwekushandisa Android mudziyo; chunky mayunitsi muchanza chemumwe akafanana nechero imwe HT; PTT-style comms inobvisa chero chisaririra che "foni-senge" kunzwa, asi isu tinowana zvakanakira sekristaro-yakajeka odhiyo pamwe nezvakanaka zvemazuva ano zvemagariro midhiya, senge pikicha ID yenhengo, (yakakura pakuziva vanhu!) kugona kudzokorora "overs", kugona kuenzanisa uye kuzvidzora-mapurisa nenzira dzakakodzera.

Zello yedu Boka "Ham Radio"? Kana iwe uchizvitsanangura CHETE nekugadzira RF pane Amateur Band, saka kwete. Asi zvirokwazvo anonzwa seni…

Pane imwe tsananguro here?

Mune 21st Century, iri kugadzira "Amateur RF" iyo chete nzira yekutsanangura Ham Radio? Makore makumi mashanu apfuura iwo ungave wakave mubvunzo uri nyore kupindura - izvozvi, handina chokwadi nazvo…

Maitiro echisikigo ekuParadzira anongovhurika kune echinyakare Ham Bhendi uye mawairesi - zvakaenzana mafomu matsva ekuparadzira Internet anongovhurika kumakomputa-akavakirwa "maredhiyo". Haisi chete nyaya ye "mabhiza emakosi"? Shandisa zvishandiso zvakanaka pane izvo zvauri kuyedza kuwana?

Icho chokwadi chekuti Hams iri kutamba nekuyambuka pakati pezvinhu izvi uye internet mafomu ekuparadzira zvinotonyanya kufadza!

D-STAR uye mamwe ma modhi anga ari chikamu cheiyi kuyedza kubvira yekutanga redhijitari yekutengesa ham maredhiyo akabuda mukupera kwema1990.

Uye inongova hobho chete!

Izwi rekuti Amateur rinobva kuLatin "Amare" - kuda.

Mune mamwe mazwi, chero chinhu Amateur chinoitirwa kuda kwacho. Amateur Radio idandaro ratiri kuita (netariro!) Nekuti tinODA redhiyo mukati zvose mafomu ayo.

Asi Zello (uye IRN) zvakare iri fomu redhiyo.

Ehe, inogona kushandisa 5GHz kana 900MHz, zvirokwazvo tinogona kusaziva chaizvo mafriftiti atiri kushandisa chero nguva, asi RF is kugadzirwa. (Ndiri kufungidzira kushandiswa kwechigadzirwa chisina waya chokwadi!)

Kuparadzanisa Bvudzi?

Isa imwe nzira, kana ndikaita maminetsi gumi kukurukura nemumwe Ham paZello, ndobva ndadzokorora nhaurirano iyoyo izwi neshoko kune imwe seti yemaminetsi gumi pa10 metres, nei imwe ichifanira kutorwa se "inoshanda" uye imwe yacho isiri?

Kana icho chete chinhu chinosimbisa ichi chiri icho chiri pamamita maviri, ndinofunga isu tinofanirwa kubvunza kana isu tisiri kutanga "kupatsanura vhudzi".

Iyo tekinoroji yakakonzera matambudziko - isu hatina kumbofanira kugadzirisa mibvunzo yakaita seiyi munguva yakapfuura.

CB ne446MHz zvaive zvakasiyana kwazvo neHam Radio, asi kuuya kwetekinoroji nyowani ndiko kuri kukonzeresa mibvunzo nyowani (ingangoita yefilosofi) kubvunzwa nezvezvatinofarira uye kwatinotorerwa netekinoroji.

Kana iwe ukaverenga zvinyorwa zvangu nguva dzose, iwe uchaziva kuti ini ndinofunga ichi hachisi chinhu chakashata.

Kuchengeta pfungwa dzakavhurika zvirokwazvo chinhu chakanaka? Pfungwa yakavharwa pamwe zvishoma kudaro?

Asi ini ndinoda Ham Radio!

Ndino! Ini rudo Ham radio mune ese mafomu - Zello / IRN kwandiri ndeimwe "fomu" yeHam Radio, pamwe kwete pane yakatarwa nehurumende yakapihwa Ham bhendi, asi kune zvese zvinangwa uye chinangwa, iyo anonzwa sezvazviri.

Ini zvechokwadi handisi kuzoenda kune pooh-pooh iyo - nekuda kwekuti iri kutumira imwe nhamba yemasekondi pasekondi munzvimbo yangu yemuno.  Ini ndinoda kudzidza mashandiro eredhiyo uye kuvaka zvinhu, asi nei izvozvo zvichifanira kunditadzisa kutaura nehama dzangu dzeHamu uye kushandisa maProtocol, ne2.4 GHz Wifi kana zvichidikanwa?

Pandinoshandisa Zello uye IRN, ini ndichiri "G7DDN" uye ndinoshandisa maHam protocols zvinoenderana. Ini handidaro vane kune pamwe, asi ini ndinoita, kunyanya sezvo kirabhu yedu yeZello boka riine yedu yega mitemo-yakasimwa mirau yekutaura kuti tinofanirwa kudaro.

Zvaive nyore kwazvo pasina Indaneti!

Hamu mabhendi aive maHam mabhendi, nhepfenyuro mabhendi aiparadzira mabhendi, manhamba masitepisi aive manhamba zviteshi uye majammers aive jammers.

Iye zvino internet yauya uye yakanganisa zvese nekuita kuzara kwechiitiko cheredhiyo kuwanikwa vose, Broadcast radio, Spy radio, Bhizinesi redhiyo, Emergency services radio, Hobby 2-way radio uye ikozvino yatove ne "hutachiona" Ham Radio. 🙂

Hatifanire kurega matekinoroji matsva achinyatso kujeka. Tinogona kungomira nekushandisa "yechokwadi" Ham Radio uye panguva imwe chete tichimbundira Network maRadio.

Tinogona kuti, "Zvakanaka izvi hazvina kunanga Ham RF asi ndechimwe chinhu chatinogona kushanda pamwe nekushandisa pazvinangwa zvedu."

Zvichida quirk inoshamisa ndeyekuti, dai iyo Internet yaive iripo pakatanga Amateur Radio, ndinoshamisika kana shamwari yangu yepamwoyo Hamu neni tisingatomboita hurukuro kudai nhasi!

Ipfungwa…

© Kubvumbi 2018

Chris Rolinson G7DDN

2 pfungwa pa "Chii chinoita Radio Radio Amateur?"

  1. Mhoro Chris, inonakidza nyaya yekuverenga uye kuti unzwisise zvinofungwa nevanhu uye nezvavanofunga nezve network network, IRN, zello, nezvimwe.

    Isu se hams hongu takatengwa kumusoro tichiziva kufambiswa kwaive nzira ham radio uye zvino chii neRF shark uye micro node nezvimwe, uye internet zvese zvakakungurukira mune imwe iyi ndiyo zvino matauriro edu, ok haina kuwana chena ruzha uye zvakajeka asi vamwe vanhu vanofarira nenzira iyi.

    network nhepfenyuro ine manzwiro eredhiyo chaiyo pasina kurasikirwa kweanodzokorora uye chiratidzo kunze kwecell sevhisi asi kazhinji yenguva isu tine sevhisi sevhisi, saka une hukama.

    Pachagara paine sarudzo dzakasiyana pazvinhu zvese nekuti iyi ndiyo nzira yatinoida kana kuvenga, kuve munhu wemammite .. kana kumbundikira izvo zvinotivaraidza sezvatiri pano kuyedza uye kunakidzwa nezvatinoita neicho hobho

    ndinokutendai chris zvakare nechinyorwa. 73s

    1. Ndatenda nematauriro ako emutsa Ian. 👍🏻

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